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Go: JHS Grammar PageCONDITIONAL (if)

仮定 or 条件 (かてい or じょうけん)


  QUESTION: "What can speak every language in the world?" <answer below>

DEFINITION: Conditional sentences are also known as 'conditional clauses' or 'if clauses'. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled.


There are three types of conditionals:

  • Simple Present: If I study, I will pass the test.
  • Simple Past: If I studied, I would pass the test.
  • Past Perfect: If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.


NOTE: Japan's JHS English textbooks usually focus on the Simple Present Conditional.




Conditional Auction: Sentences are auctioned off to students and they must say must say if the sentence is grammatically correct.

If: This activity focuses on students ability to create a consequence when given a condition.

If GameStudents listen to conditional sentences from the ALT/JTE (or group members) and if they qualify, do the consequential action.


If You Dare: Students listen to sentences spoken by the ALT/JTL and must do whatever they are told.

Moshi, Moshi: Students try to make as many sentences as possible before completing a worksheet. This activity is good for struggling classes and/or as a first-time activity, following the introduction.


Moshi Worksheet: Students practice listening and solve puzzle.

Puzzle Scramble: This is a very flexible template for you to make sentence scramble lessons with puzzles. It works very well for any class, especially low-level and hard to motivate classes. Students can solve a sentence scramble by solving a puzzle and flipping over the pieces to find a sentence.




ANSWER: "An echo."



This page was last modified on Wednesday, March 26, 2014 11:40:53 AM