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NOUN CLAUSE w/ non-infinitive verb

名詞節めいしせつ(疑問文+ subject + verb)


FUN FACT: "All pilots on international flights identify themselves in English." (source 


DEFINITION: This grammar is commonly referred to by its parent grammar  間接疑問文かんせつぎもんぶんwhich means Relative Clause. Relative clauses encompass a larger grammar, including all noun clauses as well as adjective clauses. This covers noun clauses followed by subjects and non-infinitive verbs.

A noun clause is a clause which does the work of a noun in the sentence. These clauses must contain a subject and verb. Look at the sentences in the table below for clarification. Noun clauses, specific to the Japan's JHS English textbooks, begin with the following words: what, where, when, who, which, whose, how and why.


EXAMPLE: (The noun clause question word is in italics, while the noun clause is underlined.)

NEW HORIZON: I do not know what you mean.

ONE WORLD: I can't tell where my house was.

SUNSHINE: I know how you feel.

TOTAL ENGLISH: I know why Jim didn't come.

COLUMBUS 21: You showed me how to be positive and confident.

NOTE: A number of ambiguities and constraints can make the relative clause sections in the textbooks difficult to understand. Relative clauses are dealt with piecemeal, from a Japanese perspective; noun clauses with infinitive verbs are separated from other noun clauses to simplify translation. In the textbooks, these clauses are also presented solely as direct objects, even though noun clauses can take up different parts on a sentence; your JTE may or may not address this issue. Moreover, the overarching theme of what relative clauses are (and how useful they can be) is generally not talked about, and this tends to cause a very fragmented understanding of relative clauses.

Also see Noun Clause with Infinitive Verb




5W & H: Students practice asking and answering questions using the 5ws & H question words.

Ichiro Activity: A short reading comprehension activity about Ichiro.


I Don't Know: Students learn how to use noun clauses through reading a dialogue and then making their own question and answers.

 Why I Gamble: Students gamble whether or not the given sentences are correct.





This page was last modified on Monday, January 27, 2014 08:42:59 AM