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NOUN CLAUSE w/ infinitive verb

名詞節(めいしせつ)(疑問文+ to +inf. verb)


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This grammar is commonly referred to as  間接疑問文(かんせつぎもんぶん)which means Relative Clause. Relative clauses encompass a larger grammar, including all noun clauses as well as adjective clauses. This covers noun clauses with infinitive verbs, but not all noun clauses have a verb in the infinitive form.

A noun clause with an infinitive verb does not have a subject in the clause, and as seen in the examples below, the Japanese textbooks all focus on “how to ~”, which can be translated easily as  ~仕方, or “way of doing”. The translations for noun clauses using other questions words isn’t very difficult and textbooks/teachers may approach is to different extents (or not at all).

The main points to note are that it's a noun clause using “how” and an infinitive verb, and the clause is being used as a direct object. Know where your teacher is drawing the lines in order to avoid drawing outside of them.

Since this restriction is the norm you will often see it formulated like this:

how to + 動詞の原型~ = 「~のしかた」

EXAMPLE: (The noun clause question word is in italics, while the noun clause is underlined.)

NEW HORIZON: I know how  to get tickets.

NEW CROWN: Koji is learning how to cook.

SUNSHINE: I don't know how  to play it.

TOTAL ENGLISH: Do you know how  to make a paper crane?

COLUMBUS 21: I don’t know how  to thank you.

NOTE: Also see Noun Clause with Non-infinitive Verb

Do You Know How To Play Bingo: Students will play bingo by interviewing their classmates, using "Do you know how to...?" and then will create sentences based on the signatures they received.


How to Gucha: Students interview each other using "Do you know how to...?" Then, the students correct sentences using "I know how to..." so the sentences are grammatically correct.

How to Interview: Students work at completing their interview sheet and also working on evaluating their own learning.
How to Make Origami: Students interview each other to find out what they know how to do.
How to Old Maid: Students play Old Maid while asking, "Do you know how to/what to/where to/ when to~."
What Do You Know: Students will use decks of cards and dice to form crazy sentences about what they do and don't know how to do.


This page was last modified on Friday, October 03, 2014 02:52:21 PM