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 助動詞 + 原形不定詞  (じょどうし + げんけいふていし)  


  FUN FACT: "Do shinkansen trains run on the left or right-hand side of the track?" <answer below>


DEFINITION: According to this English grammar rule by Japanese standards, this grammar point has a formulaic pattern: Helping Verb + Bare Infinitive It is defined as a sentence that contains the 'must' helping verb plus a 'bare infinitive'. A 'bare infinitive' is simply an infinitive verb without the 'to' before the verb.


When a helping verb and an infinitive are used in conjunction with each other, English grammar dictates the infinitive changes to the bare infinitive form.


EXAMPLE: You must help your mother. We must do something. I must get there by two o'clock.

Asteroids: A dice rolling game to practice sentences with 'must' in them.


Do You Have to Study?: Students try to get as many cards as possible by asking others what they have to do.


English Class Rules: This is a relatively quick game to practice the must/mustn't grammar form while also reviewing verbs and basic rules of behavior in English class. It also reinforces the stronger nature of the "must" form over the "have to" form.


English Class Rules 2: This game concentrates on the grammar points of "have to/do not have to”. Although this has a potential for cheating, it does make the students active, which is a nice change after having to endure a boring lesson.


Have To Crazy: Inspiration from the MAD magazine board game, janken winners have to do various things according to what the losers tell them. Students have to do the crazy thing to get the signature.

Homestay: Talking about household chores. Comparing Japan with different cultures.


If You Dare: Students listen to sentences spoken by the ALT/JTL and must do whatever they are told.


Microphoned Must: Students read out 'must' sentences and one of their peers must do whatever they say.


Money Flip:Students practice the 'have to' grammar point while playing a board game and flipping fake money.


Moshi, Moshi: Students try to make as many sentences as possible before completing a worksheet. This activity is good for struggling classes and/or as a first-time activity, following the introduction.


Name That Sport: Students listen to the rules of various sports and must guess the correct sport.

Noughts and Crosses: Students play noughts and crosses (Tic-Tac-Toe) and command their partner to do an action.


School Differences: Students identify which sentences describe American or Japanese schools.


School Rules: Students listen to a speech given about schools from the ALT’s country, fill out a T/F worksheet and finally write some rules of their own school.


Squares: In this strategy game, students draw lines to try and complete a square.



ANSWER: "As with all Japanese railway lines, the shinkansen runs on the left."



This page was last modified on Thursday, July 26, 2012 06:31:56 PM