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現在完了 (げんざいかんりょう)


FUN FACT: "There are about 189 irregular verbs in the English language."


DEFINITION: The present perfect verb(PPV) is composed of two elements:

  • The appropriate form of the helping verb 'to have'.
  • The Past Participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is "verb+ed": played, looked, watched, etc. NOTE: Be careful of irregular verbs because when they switch to the past participle the entire verb changes: drink-->drunk / sleep-->slept / rise-->risen.


The PPV is used to indicate a link between the present and the past. It is used to describe:

  • An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present: I have played the piano since I was a child. (...and I still do.)
  • An action performed during a period that has not yet finished: I have worked hard this week. (...and the week isn't over yet.)
  • A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now: I have lived in Japan for five years.
  • An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by "just": I have just finished my work
  • An action when the time is not important: She has studied Japanese, English and Chinese. (...the result of his reading is important)




Bingo Bongo: Students ask the ALT questions to try and get a Bingo or Bongo.
Don't Get Yes: Students as Present Perfect questions while hoping not to get three strikes.
Face Guess: Students ask present perfect questions to find out their partner's seceret character.
Find Someone Who: Students ask each other questions about whether they've been to various locations / done various activities.
Fruit Basket "Have you ever...?":  A fun game, played with a circle of students in chairs.
Guess Who?: Students try to figure out their partners character using the grammar, 'Have you ~ yet?'
Have They Finished Yet?: Students read and answer questions about Baymax and Mikasa schedule.
Have You Acted: Students act out an action and guess what the action is. Then they write a report on who has done what.
Have You Eaten Lunch Yet? Guess Who: An activity based on the popular Guess Who game.
Have You Ever Bet?:Students practice "Have you ever ....?" questions while having fun betting about classmates' experiences.
Have You Ever Bingo?: Students play bingo using the grammar, 'Have you ever ~ ?'
Have You Ever Interview: Introducing the question, "Have you ever ~ ?" and having students interview each other.
Have You Learned: This activity is designed for students to review "Have you already...?" and "I haven't...yet." question/answers.
Having a Guest: Students develop their own skit, practicing the grammar and situation of having a guest.
How Long Bingo: Students play Bingo but instead of a teacher reading out numbers, the students ask each other, "How long have you...?" The answer is the number they must circle.
I Have Already Eaten Lunch Guess Who: An activity based on the popular Guess Who game.
I Have Never: This game is based on the American drinking game, "Never have I ever..."
I Have Played Nintendo For 25 Years: Students practice writing sentences using the present perfect. Then they write 3 true statements and 1 false statement about their lives. Other students must guess which is the false statement.
In The Words of Brandy: This three-step activity ranges from fill-in-the-blank of Brandy’s Have You Ever?, forming past participle questions to ask other students and finishes with the students asking both teachers strategic questions to illicit specific questions.
Kidnap: A game to get the students to practice the four parts of learning while trying to find who kidnapped Miki Ando.
Kidnap v.2: Students translate Perfect Present sentences from Japanese to English in order to solve the mystery of who kidnapped Miki Ando.
Long Long Time: Students work in groups to formulate sentences about a series of pictures.

Let's Go to Kyoto! (wrksht only): Students practice writing and speaking with focus on "Have you~yet?" and "I have already~" phrases.
Mastermind: This game can be adapted for any grammar point. It encourages students to create, and say aloud a particular grammar point repeatedly.
Nepal Foster Program: Students practice the four parts of learning by listening to an excerpt from their textbook and filling out the worksheet. If you don’t use New Horizon, don’t worry – see the Tips and Cautions section.
Rasmus Race: Students race to collect the lyrics around the room, then try to order the song lyrics.
Seen the Rain: This activity is based upon the Ramone's song, Have you ever seen the rain?
Seriously, Who Killed Kitty?: This is a clue based game that has students playing the role of investigators trying to solve the mystery of who killed Hello Kitty.
Study at Juku: Students practice Present Perfect Verbs by answering questions in search for their partner.
T/F Betting: Students create three sentences using Present Perfect Verbs, one of which is false. Classmates win bets if they guess the one that is false.
Tic-Tac Bingo: Students practice listening to present perfect sentences while playing bingo according to questions the ALT/JTE ask.
Uno: Students enjoy playing Uno while practicing asking/telling the time.
You Decide T/F: The ALT reads four sentences and the students have to decide which sentence is false. In groups the students write their own sentences with one student writing a false sentence. The other students have to find the liar.





This page was last modified on Thursday, July 16, 2015 01:21:42 PM